Nijabima Sri Lanka

Barbarian Terrorists Group - LTTE

The LTTE in brief

Inception

-Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), commonly

known as the Tamil Tigers, is a militant organization that has

been waging a violent secessionist campaign against the Sri

Lankan government since the 1970s in order to create a

separate Tamil state in the north and east of Sri Lanka.

-Founded in 1975, the LTTE attracted many supporters

amongst disenchanted Tamil youth, who were dissatisfied with

policies followed by successive Sri Lankan governments towards

solving various concerns of the country’s Tamil community.

 

LTTE and other Tamil militant groups

-Initially the LTTE operated in cooperation with other Tamil militant groups but later

broke away from them and hunted them down. The reasons for the LTTE's internecine

attacks on other Tamil groups are much debated. Among other reasons, it has also been

suggested that they believed the struggle would only be effective if the other groups, who

were much more willing to compromise on a settlement to the conflict, were not

operational. The effect of the attacks was that the LTTE consolidated the position as the

main military group fighting for the cause of Tamil Eelam, with no credible rivals.

Structure

-The LTTE is organized into two main divisions namely, a military wing1 and a

subordinate political wing. A central governing body oversees both of those divisions,

which is headed by the LTTE founder and supreme leader, Velupillai Prabhakaran.

LTTE & politics

-The LTTE also has a political wing, but despite the ceasefire it has not tried to formally

create a political party. Instead, in the 2004 parliamentary elections, it openly supported

the Tamil National Alliance, which won over 90% of votes in the electoral district of

Jaffna, in the Northern Province, although just 47% the total population cast their votes.

The LTTE's commitment to multi-party democracy has also been questioned. In an

interview in 1986, Velupillai Prabhakaran, the leader of the LTTE, said that a future state

of Tamil Eelam would be a one-party state rather than a multi-party democracy, because

that would help it develop faster.

 Hardly more than a military power

-Though the LTTE claims to carry out a number of civilian functions in the north of the

island, especially the regions lying around the cities of Kilinochchi and Mulathivu, it is

still the Sri Lankan government which supplies commodities to the LTTE held areas and

pays many civil servants working there.

Recruitments

-Recruits in the LTTE are instructed to be prepared to die for the cause, and are issued

with a cyanide capsule to be swallowed in the case of capture.

* Child soldiers

-The LTTE's use of children as front-line troops was proved when 25

front-line troops between the ages of 13 and 17 surrendered en masse to

the Sri Lankan Forces. Amid international pressure, LTTE announced in

July 2003 that it would stop conscripting child soldiers, but both

UNICEF and Human Rights Watch have accused it of reneging on its

promises, and of conscripting Tamil children orphaned by the tsunami.

Civilians have also complained that the LTTE is continuing to abduct

children, including some in their early teens, for use as soldiers.

Moreover UNICEF states that the LTTE has recruited 315 child soldiers

between April and December 2006. According to UNICEF, the LTTE is

known to be the world’s worst perpetrator of child soldier recruitment

and has recruited, since 2001, a total number of 5,794 child soldiers.

  ----- What Prabakaran did to TAMILS we will tell you ------

--------  To be continue..........-------